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Bransle de la Torche, TMA 15 (Praetorius, Michael)
The term also refers to the music and the characteristic step of the dance. The name branle derives from the French verb branler to shake, wave, sway, wag, wobblereferring to the side-to-side movement of a circle or chain of dancers holding hands or linking arms Enc. Dances of this name are encountered from about and the term is used for dances still danced in France today Heartz Before this the word is encountered in dance only as the “swaying” step of the basse danse.
The branle was danced by a chain of dancers, usually in couples, with linked arms or holding hands. The dance alternated a number of larger sideways steps to the left often four with the same number of re steps to the right so that the chain moved gradually to the left.
Although originally French dances of rustic provenance, danced to the dancers’ singing, the branle was adopted, like other folk-dances, into aristocratic use by the time that printed books allow us to reconstruct the dances. A variety of branles, attributed to different regions, were danced in sequence, so that the suite of branle music gives one of the earliest examples of the classical suite of dances.
Such suites generally ended with a gavottewhich seems then to have been regarded as a species of branle. Some aristocratic branles included pantomime elements, such the branle de Poitou, the possible ancestor of the minuet, which acts out gestures of courtship.
Some of these dances were reserved for specific age groups – the branle de Bourgogne, for instance, for the youngest dancers. Branle music is generally in common time somewhat like the gavottethough some variants, like that of Poitou, are in triple time Scholes Branles were danced walking, running, gliding, or skipping depending on the speed of the music.
Branle – Wikipedia
Brit Among the dance’s courtly relations may be the basse danse and the passepied Scholes which latter, though it is in triple time, Rabelais and Thoinot Arbeau identify as a type of Breton branle. The first detailed sources for the dance’s steps are found in Arbeau’s famous text-book Orchesography.
The double branle had a simple form involving two phrases of two bars each. Arbeau gives choreographies for eight branles associated with specific regions; the Burgundian see above or Champagne, the Haut Barrois, the Montardon, the Poitou, the Maltese, the Scottish and the Trihory of Brittany; he also mentions four others without describing their steps; the branles of Camp, Hainaut, Avignon, and Lyon Arbeau—36, —53,— Most of these dances seem to have a genuine connection to the region: On the other hand, Arbeau identifies some branles as adapted to ballet and mime.
Praetorius – Bransle de la Torche from Terpsichore sheet music for Oboe –
When his student Togche asks whether the Maltese branle is native to Malta, rather than just “a fanciful invention for a ballet”, Arbeau replies that he “cannot believe it to be other than a ballet” Branls He also describes a “Hermit” branle based upon mime. There were several well-established branle suites of up to ten dances; the Branles de Champagnethe Branles de Campthe Branles de Hainaut and the Branles d’Avignon. By such suites had been standardized into a set of six dances: In the late 16th century in England the branle was mentioned by Shakespeare Love’s Labour’s Lost3.
There are even a few late examples in Beauchamp-Feuillet notation invented insuch as Danses nouvelles presentees au Roy c. The Branle seems to have travelled to Scotland and survived for some time as the brail.
But of thousands of lute pieces from England only 18 were called branle, though one called “courant” is known from continental sources as a branle Craig-McFeelychapter 2, note This is danced in duple time, and as described by Arbeau has a similar structure to the double branle.
In John Marston ‘s The Malcontentact 4, scene 2, the character Guerrino describes the steps of a dance called Beanchaes brawl Bianca’s branle:. The opening is the same as the Maltese branle described by Arbeau, but brqnle with “three singles side”, there is an interpolation of “something presumably more athletic”.
The male dancer moves away from his partner before performing a “galliard trick of twenty”—apparently a number of capers or leaps in the manner of the galliard—before returning to the conventional ending Marston, editor’s note. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Praetorius – Bransle de la Torche from Terpsichore sheet music for Oboe
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